Map of Italian Languages and dialects – click to enlarge it

Map of Italian Languages and dialects – click to enlarge it

In Italian the most spoken languages are mainly Romance languages, but also Germanic languages, Slavic languages, Greek and Albanian.
The Italian, the official language of the Italian Republic descends historically from the literary Tuscan, the use of which began with the great writers Dante, Petrarca and Boccaccio in the thirteenth century, and was later historically evolved into the current Italian language. The Italian language was spoken only by a small minority of the population at the time of the political unification of the Kingdom of Italy in 1861, but has subsequently spread through compulsory education and the decisive contribution and most recent television.


From the point of view of the existing local languages, it follows a linguistic erosion, process significantly accelerated by wide availability of media in the Italian language and the mobility of the population. This type of change has significantly reduced the use of regional languages, many of which are now considered critically endangered, mainly because of advancing Italian, even in the purely social and relational. In parallel to their gradual abandonment in the practical field, it has witnessed in recent years to a reassessment of regional languages and dialects on the cultural level in reaction to homologation processes of globalization.

According to the latest statistics (The Italian language, dialects and languages, Istat, 2012) 84.8% of Italian speaking exclusively or predominantly so Italian, 10.7% alternated him with a local language, while only 1.7% is expressed exclusively in the local idiom. But we must start by saying that in the home the number of those that is expressed through the use of their local language increases, reaching 9% (a percentage that is still half that of 1987).


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